Journey through notable instances where Cloud Security Incident Investigation Case. Discover the vulnerabilities that allowed unauthorized access, data breaches, and service disruptions. Gain insights from these cases to fortify your cloud security practices and protect against similar threats in this article by Doshared.com
Cloud Security Incident Investigation: 8 Infamous Case
Prior to August 2019, Facebook experienced a security breach but delayed telling its 530 million+ users until April 2021 that their personal information had been taken and then quickly put into a public database. Phone numbers, full names, addresses, some email addresses, and other information from user profiles were all included in the data.
Facebook later wrote about the attack on its site, but the damage to the business’s reputation was already done. Although Mark Zuckerberg, the company’s founder, was also impacted, Facebook claims to have uncovered and fixed the issue right away. In order to resolve a privacy dispute with the Federal Trade Commission, which included a $5 billion fine paid by the firm, he had to answer to federal officials.
When whistleblower Frances Haugen alleged that Facebook prioritizes profits before user safety in October 2021, things only got worse.
Over 1.1 billion users’ data was affected by an attack on Alibaba’s Chinese shopping platform Taobao in November 2019. An eight-month period saw the attack take place as a Chinese software engineer browsed the website and quietly scraped user data until Alibaba became aware of what was going on. User IDs, cell phone numbers, and customer reviews were among the stolen data.
Although the hacker was unable to access passwords or other protected data, the incident was so serious that the business informed the authorities. The full ramifications of this incident will probably never be revealed to the public because it occurred in China. But it’s an instance that strongly supports the need for greater network and system monitoring.
Similar to Alibaba, LinkedIn too suffered from data scraping-related data breach in 2021. Most of the data, which affected 700 million LinkedIn profiles, was available to the general public. However, material from the hack was made public on a dark web site in June 2021. No confidential or delicate information was exposed, according to LinkedIn. The company claimed that the incident only violated their terms of service.
But a sampling of the dark web post’s stolen data included phone numbers, genders, gender IDs, emails, and other social network details. That much information might be used by an experienced hacker to undertake social engineering attacks. Even while LinkedIn denies being to blame for the theft, a lot more individuals are now aware of the data risks involved with using social media.
One of the biggest social media networks in China is called Sina Weibo. More than 538 million users’ personal information, including real names, site usernames, gender, and locations, as well as 172 million users’ phone numbers, was published on the dark web and other websites in June 2020. Although the cause of the event is unknown, the hacker offered Weibo’s data for sale for just $250, probably because it was password-free.
Weibo continues to be used occasionally to share uncensored news from around the nation, despite being closely watched and regulated in modern times. Therefore, Weibo users who use anonymity may be most at risk from the incident.
In August 2021, hackers affiliated with the LockBit ransomware organization targeted Accenture. Even worse, the group broke into the networks of the company’s clients. They took and released confidential company information.
The hackers wanted a $50 million ransom after allegedly stealing six terabytes of data. However, according to Accenture, all impacted systems were completely restored from backups without having any negative effects on Accenture’s operations or its clients’ systems.
Cyber analytics company Cognyte exposed 5 billion records describing prior data issues in June 2021 after failing to safeguard its database. The records were published online without requiring a password or any other kind of authentication. It’s unclear how many passwords were included in the database that was available for four days, but every record in the database includes names, email addresses, and the data source. Hackers can continue to make use of that type of data for years to come.
Toyota Motor Company
The data of some 260,000 customers was digitally exposed owing to a cloud infrastructure that was improperly designed, according to automaker Toyota in June 2023.
Despite the fact that only a small quantity of private information was exposed, the breach shows how easily hackers may gain access with a simple configuration error. The fact that Toyota reports that the data was exposed from February 2015 to May 2023, with in-vehicle device ID, map data updates, updated data creation dates, and map information and its creation date (not vehicle location) potentially being accessible externally, also demonstrates how long it can take before a breach is discovered.
An attack by the notorious Lapsus$ hacking gang on Microsoft’s Azure DevOps server resulted in the theft of 37 GB of data, mostly source code for different internal Microsoft projects like Bing, Bing Maps, and Cortana. The stolen data was later shared by the hackers on their Telegram channel.
According to Microsoft, the attackers hijacked the account of one of its employees and got restricted access to source code repositories. The business also stated that the hack did not compromise any customer code or data.
These cautionary tales serve as reminders of the ever-present risks in the Cloud Security Incident Investigation. From data breaches to service disruptions, they underscore the importance of robust security measures, proactive monitoring, and swift incident response. Stay vigilant and fortify your defenses to safeguard your cloud infrastructure from emerging threats.
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